Java moss is a favorite amongst aquarium hobbyists.
It has roots in the country of Java, as well as neighboring Southeast Asian countries.
As its popularity rose, the plant began to be farmed like any other aquatic plants.
This popularity is primarily due to its relative ease of installation, care, and growth.
Java moss makes a nice addition to any tank yet it requires no special gravel or base layer to thrive.
It has been known to attach to gravel or substrates, which does have the added benefit of keeping it from circulating with the water currents in your tank.
Java moss will attach itself to almost anything in your tank that sits still for long enough, including commercial decorations, rocks, and even driftwood.
A little will go a long way!
Time to Grow
If you are an impatient type (and really who isn’t a little impatient at heart?) you will want to saturate your java moss with light.
Aquarium lighting solutions, important for a variety of reasons, can be used to assist java moss to grow at a faster rate.
When you are first starting out with java moss, consider adding some additional lighting sources (even outside of your tank) to speed up the process.
Java moss can be placed into the tank’s base layer and given free reign or you can attach the plant to (or around) decorations in your aquarium, such as rocks or driftwood.
Another way to make for speedy growth is to add fertilizer (Check out my post on fertilizing method). There are a variety of fertilizers available so pick out a type that will work for your particular setup. One such fertilizer is Seachem Flourish Tablets.
Must be Something in the Water
All plants require water to grow and java moss is no exception.
Well-circulated and clean water in an aquarium is extremely beneficial.
What’s more, java moss is known to thrive in circulating water currents.
It is so well suited for moving water that some aquarium owners have been known to grow their java moss outside the tank, in small, fast moving creeks or waterways in order to get the plant in good working order and only then transplanting it into the tank.
One word of warning when it comes to moving water and java moss though—the mixture of moving water and small java moss elements have been known to clog up an aquarium’s filter.
Strands of the plant can become loose and plug up a power filter, slowing the filtration process and, in the worst of cases, damaging your equipment.
Remember to keep a very regimented cleaning schedule that includes weekly vacuuming in order to move out uneaten food, plant particles, and fish waste, all of which can clog your filter and inhibit growth.
Java moss is also well known as a good source of carpet coverage.
Some aquarium owners like to grow a short, grassy covering on the bottom of their tanks, known as carpets, in order to fill out the aquascape.
Lights, Camera, Action!…But especially Lights!
Water circulation, proper base layers, and adequate plant life are all important aspects to setting up an aquarium.
One thing that might get overlooked is the lighting solution.
There are several different lighting solutions on the market today, all of which could be used to assist in growing java moss.
Research the lights needed according to your tank’s size and shape, as well as the type of lighting solutions your plant life requires.
But be forewarned; much like a small amount of java moss can turn into a large covering of the plant, a little bit of light goes a long way as well.
Any medium level lighting solution will encourage growth in short order just as too much light will encourage too much growth, so keep an eye on your java moss installation.
As we have discussed, java moss is a great solution for a carpeting plant solution for any aquarium.
Make sure to have a well-circulated water system and plenty of light before you begin.
Once you get the java moss itch, it might be hard to shake!