Corydoras pygmaeus, Dwarf Corydoras, Pygmy Cory – no this are not three different fish species, all these three are the variations of the fish Pygmy Cory, which are also named Corydoras pygmaeus, Corydoras hastatus and Corydoras habrosus about which we are going to talk about in this article. If you already have Pygmy Cory or you are still planning to get some and you just want to get more informed about these fish then you are in the right place. In this article we are going to discuss their appearance, behavior, diet and breeding, so continue reading if you are interested in any of these.
All these three can be differentiated by their appearance. Pygmy Cory is a gray and silver colored small fish and this fish has a straight horizontal line in its center and another horizontal line in its lower part that goes from their head to their tail. Its upper part is in darker shades than the lower part. Corydoras hastatus is distinguished by a black spot on its tail while Corydoras habrosus’s difference is that it has several spots along its upper back. The usual size of these fish is about 2 cm and the longest that these fish can grow is 3.2 cm and normally male Pygmy Cory fish are longer and are more round than the male ones. These are freshwater and tropical fish, which origins come from South America and they belong to Callichthyidae family. Often they can be found in the area of Brazil.
Taking care of Pygmy Cory
Pygmy Cories can be kept in smaller tanks, at least in 38l tanks. It is recommended to keep them in large groups otherwise, they will get stressed. Also, it is important to provide them with a lot of places to hide, be it plants or anything else, but do not use aquatic plants. For them to feel good you can add some dried oak or other leaves. Also, you can add peat to the filter to make black water simulation and make the light dimmer. Keep your Pygmy Cories in a sandy substrate, because if they will spend much time in gravel there is a chance that their barbells will wear down and rot which will lead them to be unable to search for food. Also, Pygmy Cories look fun in the sand as they like to hide their faces in the sand. As what refers to tankmates, you should choose tankmates of smaller size, as they themselves are very peaceful and small they will not get along with bigger size thank neighbors.
What do they eat?
Many people think that these fish can live by only eating plants or algae but the truth is that they are meaty food eaters. You can feed them frozen food, algae pellets, flake food just make sure that the food is small enough for them to be able to swallow as they have rather small mouths. If the food is not small enough for their food, grind the food before feeding them this will help them to be able to eat the food.
These are very fun fish and are very interesting to watch especially if their aquarium is equipped with many hiding places. They are always with their group and the only time that they leave the group is when they go to the surface of the water to get a breath of air which sounds weird for other fish but not for Pygmy Cory, this is their natural behavior. Usually, you can find them in the middle layer of the aquarium. So it is recommended to by at least 6 of these fish so they will have the opportunity to live with a group and do not buy just one of these fish otherwise they will be stressed and probably will have a different behavior.
How to breed Pygmy Cories?
Breeding Pygmy Cary may not be as easy as some of the other fish species but it is not difficult as well. When the female is ready it lays eggs on the glass of the tanks after which you need to remove parents out of the tank as they will try to eat the eggs. You can also gently take out the eggs out of the tank and look after them in another place. Some of the eggs will probably start to fungus and you need to get rid of them as soon as possible otherwise it can spread to the other eggs too. After 3 to 5 days the eggs will hatch, you need to feed the new born ones with very small food, you can break dry food and feed them until they will grow a little and will be able to eat bigger food. Also, it is recommended to have more males than females when breeding, it is better to have two males for one female during breeding.
So now you know everything about the appearance, their diet, behavior and breeding of Pygmy Cory. If you want to have small fish that are very fun and entertaining to watch, which are also easy to take care of then Pygmy Cory will be a great choice. Despite their small size these are fish full of personality and will give a new breath to your aquarium. And remember that they feel better when they are in groups and in aquariums with a lot of space to hide, only in those conditions they are ready to show all the aspects of their fun character.