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For this part of my Goldfish Series, I’m going to share on proper goldfish feeding.
Importance of proper feeding
Feeding is the most important part of any animal’s life – including goldfish.
It provides nutrients necessary to thrive and keep its body and immune system in good shape.
With proper feeding and tank maintenance, diseases are less likely to appear, as they are able to resist most infections and parasites.
Overfeeding can be just as dangerous as feeding the wrong diet, as obesity may cause serious health issues.
Thus, feeding your goldfish properly will ensure that they are healthy and happy.
What food should you feed your goldfish?
Let’s see now what you should feed your goldfish and, equally important, what you shouldn’t:
Goldfish are omnivores, which means they need vegetable matter, as well as animal protein in order to maintain healthy.
Processed foods, like dry flakes or pellets, may seem like a convenient food and very easy to keep, but not all dry foods have the nutrients your fish may need.
You can choose from a wide variety of dry foods, so take time to read all the labels and get various types to provide a balanced diet for your goldfish.
Live, frozen, or freeze-dried
In the wild, goldfish usually eat small crustaceans or worms; supplement their diet with meaty foods including live bloodworms, earthworms, or larvae to provide protein.
Be careful not to carry a disease into your tank by bringing home live foods from lakes, rivers, or the ground.
It’s always best to buy these foods from your local pet store or online such as Amazon.com.
If you are not fond of live food you can still feed your fish frozen or freeze-dried foods.
They won’t be as tasty as fresh, live foods, but they have the same advantages.
Also, they are worry-free, as freezing will destroy any germs or parasites.
In addition to protein, your goldfish also require vitamins.
Plants and vegetables such as lettuce, peas, or broccoli are wonderful sources of a blend of vitamins.
Make sure they are soft and small enough to fit in your fish’s mouth.
Remember to peel any vegetable you plan on feeding your goldfish and don’t season them in any way.
Goldfish love to nibble on live aquarium plants, so you may want to place artificial plants or live plants with very thick leaves, if you want them to stay there.
How much and how often?
Usually, two or three meals per day are quite enough for your goldfish.
Feed them the amount they would consume in about a minute or two, or you can measure by how much you can easily take between two fingers.
This should be the amount your goldfish should eat at one meal.
Of course, larger fish eat more than 2-3 pinches, so adjust the quantity to your goldfish’s needs.
Make sure every fish has had its share, but try not to overfeed, as being overweight can seriously affect its health.
Also, overfeeding can lead to swim bladder bloat and intestinal problems.
In the wild, goldfish deal with four seasons, which effect available food and nutritional needs.
Spring is the breeding season, especially since water becomes warmer and better quality food becomes available.
This is when you should start feeding your goldfish high-protein meals, to help them produce eggs and milt.
During summer, after the breeding season has passed and water temperatures become higher, fish tend to be less active, so feeding them dry foods will do.
They also tend to display the most vibrant colors during this season.
This is the season most animals prepare for hibernation and build up resources to thrive through the winter, when food is quire scarce.
During this season, you should feed your goldfish a diet similar to that in the breeding season, supplementing protein levels with live or frozen food.
Depending on how low temperatures drop and the activity level of you fish, feed them an appropriate amount of dry food amounts.
There is no need for live or frozen food, as they won’t be very active and some may not eat at all.
If you see they are not eating, stop giving them food until they become more active and start searching for it.
Easy to feed healthy
Keeping your goldfish healthy is very easy with the right food and in the right amounts.
Remember to feed them a well-balanced diet and talk to a vet about their exact requirements if you are not sure you are providing the best care.
Never neglect the water quality, as this may affect your fish more than you think.
Some varieties are more sensitive and demanding than others, so make sure you are giving your goldfish proper nutrition according to their needs.